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Rome, the capital of Italy, is a city steeped in rich history and vibrant traditions. It is a city that has stood the test of time, witnessing the rise and fall of great empires and playing a significant role in shaping the world as we know it. From its ancient ruins to its modern streets, Rome is a city that exudes a sense of grandeur and charm.

The history of Rome dates back to 753 BC, when it was founded by Romulus and Remus, twin brothers who were raised by a she-wolf. The city was initially a small settlement on the banks of the Tiber River, but it soon grew to become a powerful city-state. In the 1st millennium BC, Rome was ruled by a series of kings followed by a republic, which was eventually overthrown by Julius Caesar in 45 BC. Under his rule, Rome became an empire and reached the height of its power and influence.

One of the most iconic and enduring symbols of ancient Rome is the Colosseum. Built in 70 AD, it was the largest amphitheater in the world and could seat up to 80,000 spectators. Gladiatorial games, wild animal hunts, and other forms of entertainment were held here, making it a popular spot for the citizens of Rome. Today, the Colosseum stands as a testament to the city's grand past and is a must-visit for tourists.

Another landmark that is synonymous with Rome is the Pantheon. Built in 118 AD, it is one of the best-preserved ancient Roman buildings and is a marvel of engineering. The dome of the Pantheon is the largest unreinforced concrete dome in the world and continues to inspire architects and engineers to this day. The Pantheon is also the final resting place of many Italian kings and notable figures, adding to its historical significance.

Apart from its famous landmarks, Rome is also known for its beautiful piazzas (squares), such as Piazza Navona, Piazza del Popolo, and Piazza di Spagna. These piazzas are bustling with life and are a hub of activity, with street performers, artists, and vendors selling their wares. They are also surrounded by some of Rome's finest restaurants and cafes, making them the perfect spot to sit back, relax, and soak in the city's vibrant atmosphere.

The city of Rome is also home to the Vatican City, the smallest independent state in the world and the headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church. The Vatican Museums house some of the world's most famous artworks, including Michelangelo's masterpiece, the Sistine Chapel ceiling. St. Peter's Basilica, the largest church in the world, is also located in Vatican City and is a must-visit for its stunning architecture and religious significance.

Rome is not just a city of ancient ruins and landmarks, but it is also a city that has managed to preserve its timeless traditions. One such tradition is the famous Italian cuisine, which has its roots in ancient Roman cooking. The city is dotted with trattorias (small, family-owned restaurants) and osterias (simple, rustic eateries), serving up delicious dishes such as pasta, pizza, and gelato. The traditional Roman meal is also a must-try, consisting of antipasto (appetizers), primo (first course), secondo (main course), contorno (side dish), and dolce (dessert).

Another tradition that is deeply ingrained in Roman culture is the art of coffee-making. The city is filled with charming cafes where locals gather to enjoy a cup of espresso or cappuccino, often accompanied by a delicious pastry. The daily ritual of having a coffee break is an important part of the Roman way of life and is something that visitors should experience.

In addition to its architecture, art, and food, Rome is also known for its festivals and celebrations. One of the most famous is the Festa della Primavera, or the Spring Festival, which celebrates the arrival of spring with parades, concerts, and fireworks. The Festa di San Giovanni, held on June 24th, honors the patron saint of Rome with a grand procession and a traditional feast. These festivals are a testament to the city's strong cultural and religious traditions, which have been passed down through generations.

In conclusion, Rome is a city that is bursting with history, charm, and traditions. Its ancient ruins and landmarks tell the story of its glorious past, while its vibrant piazzas and bustling streets give a glimpse into its present-day culture. Whether it's admiring the majestic Colosseum, indulging in a traditional Roman meal, or simply strolling through its picturesque streets, Rome is a city that will leave a lasting impression on anyone who visits. It truly is a city like no other, and a must-see for anyone looking to experience the best of Italy.



Local Cuisine Wines Traditions

Rome, the capital city of Italy, is known for its rich history, stunning architecture, and delicious cuisine. The city's culinary traditions have been influenced by various cultures, including Etruscan, Greek, and Roman. Rome's cuisine is a perfect blend of simplicity, freshness, and bold flavors, making it a food lover's paradise. In this article, we will take a closer look at the traditional dishes, cooking techniques, and wines of Rome, and how they have evolved over time.

Traditional Dishes
One of the most iconic dishes in Rome is pasta, and it comes in many shapes and sizes. The most famous pasta dish in Rome is Cacio e Pepe, which is made with pecorino romano cheese, black pepper, and spaghetti. Another popular pasta dish is Carbonara, made with eggs, pecorino romano cheese, guanciale (cured pork jowl), and black pepper. These simple yet savory dishes represent the essence of Rome's cuisine – fresh ingredients and minimalistic cooking techniques.

Another staple in Roman cuisine is pizza, which originated in the city of Naples but has become popular all over Italy. Roman-style pizza is known for its thin crust and simple toppings, such as tomato sauce, mozzarella cheese, and fresh basil. The city is also famous for its street food, with dishes like Supplì (deep-fried rice balls filled with tomato sauce and mozzarella) and Porchetta (slow-roasted pork seasoned with herbs and spices) being local favorites.

Cooking Techniques
Roman cuisine is all about showcasing the natural flavors of the ingredients and using simple cooking methods. One of the most traditional techniques is 'cucina povera,' which translates to 'poor cooking.' This method involves using inexpensive and readily available ingredients, such as vegetables, grains, and legumes, to create flavorful dishes.

Another cooking technique widely used in Rome is grilling, especially for meats. The famous dish, Bistecca alla Fiorentina (grilled T-bone steak), is a prime example of this cooking method. The meat is seasoned with salt, pepper, and olive oil and grilled over hot coals, resulting in a juicy and flavorful steak.

Culinary Traditions
The culinary traditions of Rome are deeply rooted in the city's history and culture. One of the most significant traditions is the 'aperitivo,' which is the Italian version of happy hour. It usually takes place before dinner and involves sipping on a cocktail or a glass of wine while snacking on small bites. It is a social event where friends and family gather to catch up and enjoy each other's company.

Another tradition is the Sunday family lunch, known as 'pranzo della domenica.' It is a time when families come together to share a meal and spend quality time with each other. The lunch usually consists of multiple courses, starting with antipasti (appetizers) followed by a pasta dish, a meat or fish course, and ending with a dessert.

Wines of Rome
Italy is known for its excellent wines, and Rome is no exception. The city is surrounded by hills and vineyards, making it an ideal location for wine production. The most commonly produced wines in Rome are Frascati and Castelli Romani, which are both white wines. Frascati has a light, fruity flavor and is best paired with seafood dishes, while Castelli Romani is a more full-bodied wine that goes well with meat dishes.

Another well-known wine in Rome is Chianti, which is a red wine produced in the nearby region of Tuscany. It is a dry wine with a bold flavor and pairs well with pasta and meat dishes. Other popular red wines in Rome include Cesanese and Montepulciano.

In conclusion, Rome's cuisine and culinary traditions are a reflection of its rich history and diverse culture. The city's dishes are simple yet bursting with flavor, and the cooking techniques used highlight the freshness and quality of the ingredients. The wines of Rome complement the food perfectly and are a testament to the city's love for good food and good company. A trip to Rome is incomplete without indulging in its delicious cuisine and experiencing its unique culinary traditions.

worlds hot zone in the  mediterranean sea


The South of Italy




Apulia, a land located in the centre of the Mediterranean at the southern extremity of Europe, offers splendid views from commanding positions, over fertile valleys towards the sparkling Adriatic, delicious food and wine and a wonderful warm climate. Here, Nature imposes itself with a wonderful variety of rich colours: red earth, dark green pine, silvery green olive trees and lush vineyards; sparkling white labyrinths of towns which seem to glisten in the sun; milky white medieval centres with tangles of streets and alleyways, all against a backdrop of the deep blue Mediterranean Sea. In this land you will find gems of architectural and historical interest: Romanesque, Byzantine and  Baroque churches, cathedrals, castles, towers, prehistorical remains and last but not least the Trulli Houses.


Basilicata, magical and vague. Land of light and clay, woods and mountains, that can lead to the desire of its discovery without noticing. This is a small region who’s solitary mountains gently fall to the Tyrrhenian Sea on one side and to the Ionian Sea on the other. Basilicata is surrounded by other territories of Southern Italy, like Calabria that leads to Sicily, Campania with it's Amalfi Coast and Sorrento, or Apulia with it's Trulli Houses. Some of it's typical villages lay peacefully on the rocks allowing a silent and reserved stay with great views of it’s rugged coast, others lay next to the beach, surrounded by nature, offering fun and entertainment.


This is a land with a wonderful coast line; dramatic cliffs overhanging secluded bays; steep cliff paths to small rocky coves; islands and caves to explore; long stretches of beach, gently curving into the distance all are lapped by the clear, azure sea. Calabria makes up the "toe" of Italy and is an area little known to British visitors. The scenery is spectacular and dramatic, rising to over 6000 ft in the mountains, and dropping steeply to the coast with its long stretches of beach, crescent-shaped bays, craggy cliffs and islands dotted about in the crystal clear, blue, Tyrrhenian and Ionian seas. You will be spoilt for choice whether in the mountains or on the coast, there is more to see and explore than can possibly be done in a couple of weeks. On the other hand, the slow southern Italian pace of life is perfect for just relaxing. Calabria is steeped in history, myth and legend. There are prehistoric settlements and early cave dwellings. The region features in the writings of Homer and Virgil and has been fought over by Hannibal, Romans, Sparticans and many others. It is also rich in living tradition and folklore. Throughout the year, there is a wealth of festivals and carnivals, involving much music and dancing, often in traditional costume.


This is the land where the deep South of Italy truly begins. Campania is the region that houses wonderful world wide known sceneries like the Amalfi Coast, Sorrento and Capri but is also doorway to other most beautiful locations of Southern Italy like Calabria with it's wonderful rugged coast, Sicily and it's romantic and historic towns like Agrigento and Taormina, and also just few hours away from Apulia and it's characteristic Trulli Houses or Basilicata with beautiful towns like Maratea. Campania features a volcanic sea of the deepest shade of blue lined with miles of dramatic coast and dotted with such lovely islands that almost seem to be tiny, brightly coloured jewels. Sharp contrasts don't miss in this region going from the heat, noise and urban sprawl of troubled Naples to the calming qualities of Sorrento, from the romantic islands of Capri and Ischia to the undiscovered coastline of Cilento. One typicality of Campania will never miss throughout the whole region and that's the warm welcoming as well as the calm qualities of it's people. Enjoy all of Campania's culinary gems, starting from the world known "pizza" that originates from this region of Italy, and created in Honour of the Queen Margherita, going through it's cakes and sweets and ending to it's typical liquors.



The Molise region shared its history with Abruzzo until the fall of the Roman Empire, as evidenced by findings in Pineta of Homo Aeserniensis, who moved between the two regions on a seasonal basis. All the main centres in Molise became Roman colonies with the conquests during the Social War and the Samnite Wars and Second Punic Wars (such as Morrone del Sannio, Isernia, Larino, Venafro and Pietrabbondante), with the formation of new Christian-led urbanisations, such as the Diocese of Trivento, until the Normans arrived. Invasions by the Goths and Lombards followed and, after the latter's conversion to Catholicism, the church gained much power over Molise. A key date in the history of Molise is 1221, when Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor turned Molise into a district of imperial justice. Several monasteries were founded here, including the splendid site of the Madonna delle Grotte in Rocchetta a Volturno.


Seaside views in Sardinia are among the most marvellous in the world. Beautiful little isles scattered around its coastline. The coasts are scraggy and rocky, surrounded by shallow sea and astonishing beaches of fine sand and coves. Striking beauty of nature, christal-emerald clear waters of the Mediterranean sea, warm, welcoming people, typical cuisine, old traditions and wonderfull culture, all in one territory, with museums to visit, plenty of activities to take part to, natural environments to explore or beautifull beaches to simply relax on. Sardinia is the second largest island in the Mediterranean, full of culture, history, nature, folklore and entertainment.


This wonderful island is the home of great historic and romantic sites like Agrigento and Taormina and only few hours away from other beautiful locations of Southern Italy like Calabria and it's wonderful rugged coast, Campania and it's splendid sites like the Amalfi Coast, Sorrento, Capri, or even Apulia and it's characteristic Trulli Houses. This beautiful island hoststhe Mount Etna, Europe's highest and most active volcano, which looms menacingly over the eastern end of the island. If you are lucky, you could witness the glow of molten lava flowing from fissures in the rock and the most spectacular fireworks display you have ever seen. This is the island that hosts great historical architectural buildings andwhere Africa meets Europe blending Baroque with Classical. Sicily is a land where not only you can sit and enjoy the heat of the sun but also discover and explore its Greek Temples, Baroque churches and any other historical site you can find. No need for great studies to make great discoveries: Sicily will just show them to you, with all their glamour.


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